Investing in agricultural farmlands in India has great advantages; the major one being that income earned from and the profit made from selling the farmland are free […], India, the second most populated country in the world, has an average of 25-30 people migrating from rural areas to urban cities every minute. Since then, sandalwood oil and handicrafts have become more important. Depending upon their age, trees can be called young or mature, although this is an empirical classification and holds good only for a particular population. Methods of branch pruning – branch size, optimum length of stump, sealing of pruning, chemical spraying after pruning the plantation. Sandalwood cultivation is a highly profitable business which needs very minimal maintenance. Your email address will not be published. The sandalwood cultivation profit to an investor is tremendous and it’s the only wood in the world to be sold by weight. The oil content and its composition may differ at the same age: (i) Young trees (height less than 10 m, girth less than 50 cm, and heartwood diameter 0.5-2 cm) have heartwood with 0.2-2 percent oil content, which has 85 percent santalol, 5 percent acetate, and 5 percent santalenes. The woods are heavy, yellow, and fine-grained, and, unlike many other aromatic woods, they retain their fragrance for decades. This website has visualized and maintained a well-designed computerized web database providing quick access to some of the most important basic information relating to S. album  tree e.g. Trees start flowering from 3 years of age. They are used in the landscape as hedges, specimen plants, shade trees and xeriscaping plants. 18,15,000 NET PROFIT WOULD BE MORE THAN Rs. km. megakit,business,company,agency,multipurpose,modern,bootstrap4. Traditionally, we in India have gone with two time-tested options – gold and land. High risk periods of high spore count in the air and what weather events cause a greater presence of spores. at Marayur in Idukki district. Spread of disease is sporadic and the disease is transmitted in nature by insect vectors. Given barren land by her husband, Kavita, a native of Karnataka’s Raichur district learn’t cultivation and grew sandalwood, pomegranate, mango, lemon, drumstick and coconut trees. An instrument can be made using a bamboo pole of 4 to 6 cm internal diameter and a length of 1.5 m for the purpose of sowing seeds. Your email address will not be published. If you are looking to invest in sandalwood cultivation, then you need the right climate, land, soil and irrigation system for the healthy growth of the trees. Sandalwood is a parasitic plant deriving its nutritional requirement from other plants. Such a database needs to be updated to incorporate proper description of each of these valuable properties of S. album. The primary issues are quality and uneven spatiotemporal distribution that make it inaccessible. Due to restrictions in growing sandalwood in many states in India, the demand for sandalwood is very high. Growing sandalwood by individuals was banned until 2002 but now anyone can grow sandalwood. High risk periods of high spore count in the water system and what irrigation events cause a greater presence of spores. Step 1 Grow sandalwood in full sunlight in well-drained soil with a pH between 5.6 and 7.8. Planting Polybag Seedlings (Raised in the Nurseries). So, you are sure to get hig… The sandalwood cultivation profit to an investor is tremendous and it’s the only wood in the world to be sold by weight. Each cell in a tree carries out all […], Focus on better farming for better productivity and prosperity India has been a prosperous country for time immemorial with agriculture as its main occupation. Many of these people migrate to find a better livelihood and lifestyle in the cities. The rules governing felling, transport, conservation and disposal of sandalwood have been liberalized. At the time of planting in the field a perennial host, if given, increases the growth of sandal, otherwise it shows stunted growth with pale yellow leaves and ultimately dies in about one year. Provision has been made for payment of market value to owner of sandalwood trees. Sandalwood historically grew in Hawai’i. Indian Sandalwood (Santalum album L.) may be considered as one of the world's most valuable commercial timber and is currently valued globally for its heartwood and oil. It can grow to a height of 20 m and attain a girth of over 1.5 m. It flowers and fruits twice a year during March-April and September-October. Indian Sandalwood is known as “Royal Tree” & it is associated with Indian culture & heritage. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Is buying farmland a good investment in a city like Bangalore? FAO, 1984 notes that it is a priority species for in setup conservation. The sandalwood odor persists in articles made of sandalwood for decades. This disease is caused by mycoplasma-like organisms (MLO). Regeneration has been obtained successfully by following methods. To his advantage, in 2012 the Kabini dam water reached his farm through the canals. The main chemical components are santalol, santyl acetate and santalene (Bo Jensen, Denmark). Sandalwood trees thrive well in the tropical and sub-tropical regions where the climate is hot & humid. And now, the private cultivation of this precious tree is rapidly increasing. Harvest and Post-Harvest in Sandalwood Cultivation:- Usually sandalwood trees will be ready for harvesting after 30 years of planting. Sandalwood timber is not milled so the form of the tree is less important than for other valuable timbers.

, Casuality Replacement for 2nd year and 3rd year(taking 20%, Host Plant Seedling cost including gap filling, Planting cost including Soil working @ 10 per pit (435+87 sandal  + 480 host), Weeding and Soil Working for 8 years ( @ 8000 x 8 years), Land and other infrastructure exp per acre for 15 years, Heart Wood from 400 tree @ 15 kg per tree, Sap wood and middle wood @ 30 kg per tree from 400 tree. In Kerala, sandalwood trees are growing in natural habitat in an area of 63 sq. From an acre of land, you can expect a yield of 5000 kg of sandalwood. The best host species are the nitrogen-fixing plants. Sandalwood grows best between attitudes of 700 to 1100m though it may go up to 1500m and descend as low as 300m. Both in the local and international market, there is a huge demand for sandalwood. Sandalwood does best in places with lots of sun, moderate rainfall, and fairly dry weather for part of the year. Thank you Hosachiguru for the information! It has modified roots called haustoria which penetrate host plants and draw nutrition from them. The septa at the nodes are removed and one end of the pole is sharpened or a hollow metal piece is attached. Pick a sunny climate with moderate rainfall. Australian Sandalwood is a unique native tree crop, grown for its high value aromatic heartwood over a 20 – 25 year rotation, with potential to generate income from the oil rich nuts from age 5 as new products are developed. Sandalwood is in high demand (about 20,000 metric tons and oil 1000 tons) in the international markets and the current production across the world does not meet this demand which has led to a drastic rise in the sandalwood price. This is the only condition left. Sandalwood Cultivation – be a part of a thriving economical segment. Sandalwood was once considered as the primary source of Mysore state economy where the entire budget was planned based on sandalwood. They prefer a temperature range of 12°-30° C (53°-86° F). (i) In a tree the oil content is highest in the root, next highest in the stem at ground level, and gradually tapers off towards the tip of the stem. Cultivating sandalwood plants requires less water. As per the proposed amendment to the Karnataka Tree Act 1927, the forest department allows individuals to freely grow and own sandalwood trees. Backed by ‘The institute of wood science and technology’ Plant a Dream. India uses all S. album domestically and export is prohibited (USDA, 1990). When sandalwood tree plants are 15 to 20 years old then in August to march you can collect the seeds from the sandalwood. The Indian sandalwood tree (Santalaum album) is perhaps the planet’s most expensive wood, because of its cosmetic and therapeutic value. m=s.getElementsByTagName(o)[0];a.async=1;a.src=g;m.parentNode.insertBefore(a,m) Cultivation of sandalwood trees could get a boost with Indian researchers figuring out how sandal trees derive their nutrition from other plants. Conservation action for economically important sandalwood of India needs to be guided by an authentic knowledge base on such plant species. Involving common people, corporates and NGOs to invest in this venture in order to gain holistically from a ‘Restorative Economy’ while uplifting the ecology of the area. The cost of sandalwood cultivation would approximately be around Rs 8 to 10 lakh per acre (https://www.agrifarming.in/sandalwood-farming-project-report-cost-profit), but the returns can range between Rs 1.5 crore to Rs 2 crore. 2,50,00,000/ Acre (Approx.) Sandal has over 150 host plants, some of the good hosts being Casuarina equisetifolia, Acacia nilotica, Pongamia pinnata, Melia dubia, Wrightia tinctoria and Cassia siamea. Training is free & there is no registration fee Date: 21 st to 24 th … To produce commercially valuable sandalwood with high levels of fragrance oils, the trees have to be at least 40 years of age, but 80 or above is preferred. Spike disease is one of the important diseases of sandal. As such, those who begin cultivation of Santalum likely will not live to reap the rewards of their work. In gold we trust – for hundreds of years this has been our favourite investment, one that is credited with protecting families and honour in times […], Wood has been a companion of humans since prehistoric times and has been through the passage of civilisations. Best growth of tree is on rich fairly moist such as garden loam and well drained deep alluvium on the river banks. When sandalwood tree plants are 15 to 20 years old then in August to march you can collect the seeds from the sandalwood. Imports into the Middle are also increasing. However, they may not require irrigation in rainy conditions. The collected seeds are well-treated and dried in sunlight before seminate on nursery beds. The ownership of sandalwood trees grown on private lands now vests with the landowners. It is distributed all over the country and more than 90% lies in Karnataka and Tamil Nadu covering 8300 sq kms. They prefer full sun but will grow in part shade. Dear Reader, Business Standard has always strived hard to provide up-to-date information and commentary on developments that are of interest to you and have wider political and economic implications for the country and the world. 5,37,450 Land & other infrastructures per acre Rs. As per ‘Invest India’, if migration from rural areas to urban cities continues at the same […]. (function($) {window.fnames = new Array(); window.ftypes = new Array();fnames[0]='EMAIL';ftypes[0]='email';fnames[1]='FNAME';ftypes[1]='text';fnames[3]='MMERGE3';ftypes[3]='text';}(jQuery));var $mcj = jQuery.noConflict(true); For Seedlings and Plantation guidance, contact our Programme Manager, Eco-care and Aware below : (function(i,s,o,g,r,a,m){i['GoogleAnalyticsObject']=r;i[r]=i[r]||function(){ Santalum paniculatum (ʻiliahi), Hawaiʻi Sandalwood is a class of woods from trees in the genus Santalum. At Lahari, we are a group of young Entrepreneurs and skilled professionals experienced in the fields of Construction, Planning, Civil, Architecture and Design. Presently, there is no natural regeneration of sandalwood trees in the southern states, except Kerala, where close to 3,000 acres is under natural cultivation. })(window,document,'script','https://www.google-analytics.com/analytics.js','ga');

All of us know that tree is a living entity with trillions of living cells. There is still debate as to whether S. album is native to Australia and India or was introduced by fishermen, traders or birds from southeast Asia centuries ago. The recommendations will as follows: Heartwood formation in sandal trees generally starts around 10-13 years of age, but what triggers this process has not been very well understood. Depending on 11 borewells and two open wells, he cultivated banana, pomegranate and lime in the rest of the land. Because of the sandalwood tree’s hemi-parasitic nature, they must be cultivated near a host plant, a cultivation strategy known as inter planting. Healthy sandal seedlings; preferably above 30 cm in height are planted in the pits. It is called as a miracle tree because of its immense uses in trade and traditional form of medicine in South East Asia. What happens in tree that triggers formation of heartwood? Seeds are sown during monsoon. USA and France are the two largest importers of Indian sandalwood oil. Some trees develop heartwood between 4 and 6 years of age, others when they are between 15 and 20 years old, and others never develop it at all. Sandal requires good drainage and does not stand water logged ground. */. In some ways, farmland is even better […], Most of us dream of owning a piece of agricultural land, where we can fulfill our passion for farming as well as use it as a weekend getaway. The Karnataka State Forest Department has liberalized the regulations related to sandalwood cultivation to ensure that there is no shortage of sandalwood in the coming future. (ii) Mature trees (height 15-20 m, girth 0.5-1 m, and heartwood diameter 10-20 cm) have heartwood with oil content of 2- 6.2 percent, which has over 90 percent santalol, 3-5 percent acetate, and 3 percent santalenes. Sandal trees freely produce seed and natural regeneration occurs both via seedlings and through root suckers after trees have been uprooted and the stump removed from the ground. It is an evergreen tree with slow growth rate reaching a height of about 10 to 15 m with girth size up to 1 to 2.5 m. It takes nearly 30 years for the tree to reach economic activity. 6000/ Kg) Rs.2,74,50,000 Total Expenditure incurred per acre Rs. Though returns on sandalwood cultivation are very high in which naturally grown sandalwood tree takes 30 years to be ready for harvesting whereas intensive cultivation in organic methods give quick results in 10-15 years Need plantation with Host plant. 20,000 per tonne in 1980, Rs. Sandalwood seeds with rm endosperm upon performing a cutting test 4.1.3 Seed collection, extraction, processing and storage Ripe fruits are hand-picked and dropped into a cloth or khaki bag. Depending on genetic and environmental factors, trees are in their prime as heartwood producers between 30 and 80 years of age. For Seedlings and Plantation guidance, contact our Programme Manager,  Eco-care and Aware below : Santalum album commonly known as East Indian Sandalwood or Chandan belongs to the family Santalaceae. In today’s context of ‘Global warming’ an alarming emergency, wood is the most carbon neutral material available. The price of Sandalwood in India is everyday increasing price Rs. You must plan out the complete process in advance, in order to get high ROI (Return on Investment).

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