The Church of Jerusalem, to which in part this Epistle was addressed, was distinguished by this grace, we know from Acts (compare Hebrews 6:10 , 10:32-34 , Hebrews 12:12 Hebrews 12:13 ). Article Images Copyright © 2021 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. 3. It is found in no Epistle written by any other apostle in Paul's lifetime. These ethics help to portray the true gospel to the world, encourage others to believe in Christ, and bring glory to God. the end--the termination, at death. established with grace; not with meats--not with observances of Jewish distinctions between clean and unclean meats, to which ascetic Judaizers added in Christian times the rejection of some meats, and the use of others: noticed also by Paul in 1 Corinthians 8:8 1 Corinthians 8:13 , 6:13 , Romans 14:17 , an exact parallel to this verse: these are some of the "divers and strange doctrines" of the previous sentence. bearing--as Simon of Cyrene did. (Hebrews 12:28-29) Summary of Hebrews 13. What was said to them, extends also to us. Two manifestations of "brotherly love," hospitality and care for those in bonds. If they must render God an account of their negligence, so must you for your ingratitude to them [GROTIUS]. There is so much about the historical setting and recipients of Hebrews that is uncertain. On the seeming inconsistency with Galatians 6:11 , compare Note. He says, "serve the tabernacle," not "serve IN the tabernacle." Compare on "walked," Acts 21:21 ; namely, with superstitious scrupulosity, as though the worship of God in itself consisted in such legal observances. The "blood" was the seal of the everlasting covenant entered into between the Father and Son; in virtue of the Son's blood, first Christ was raised, then Christ's people shall be so ( Zechariah 9:11 , seemingly referred to here; Acts 20:28 ). 16. without the camp--"outside the legal polity" [THEODORET] of Judaism (compare Hebrews 13:11 ) "Faith considers Jerusalem itself as a camp, not a city" [BENGEL]. ... (13:8). I wonder whether it be possible that any of the rulers should be saved [CHRYSOSTOM]. Basically, God created the world and then made an agreement with the people living in it: if they put their faith in him, he would be their God. Here only in the Epistle he mentions the resurrection. The Book of Hebrews In A Nutshell. So Paul exhorts, 1 Thessalonians 5:12 1 Thessalonians 5:13 . Offerings burned without the camp; Jesus suffered outside the gate (Heb 13:10-13). This threefold mention of the rulers is peculiar to this Epistle. By him--as the Mediator of our prayers and praises ( John 14:13 John 14:14 ); not by Jewish observances ( Psalms 50:14 Psalms 50:23 , Psalms 69:30 Psalms 69:31 , 107:22 , 116:17 ). It was an old saying of the rabbis, "At a future time all sacrifices shall cease, but praises shall not cease." giving thanks--Greek, "confessing." God of peace--So Paul, Romans 15:33 , 16:20 , 2 Corinthians 13:11 , Philippians 4:9 , 1 Thessalonians 5:23 , 2 Thessalonians 3:16 . honestly--"in a good way." sanctify--Though not brought into the temple "sanctuary" ( Hebrews 13:11 ) His blood has been brought into the heavenly sanctuary, and "sanctifies the people" ( Hebrews 2:11 Hebrews 2:17 ), by cleansing them from sin, and consecrating them to God. his own--not blood of animals. without the gate--of Jerusalem; as if unworthy of the society of the covenant-people. 14. here--on earth. He said that it was faith that helped our ancestors survive, and it is by faith that we know that God spoke the world into being and created the things that we see all around us. "As night comes between yesterday and to-day, and yet night itself is swallowed up by yesterday and to-day, so the "suffering" did not so interrupt the glory of Jesus Christ which was of yesterday, and that which is to-day, as not to continue to be the same. continue--Charity will itself continue. few words--compared with what might be said on so important a subject. well-pleasing in his sight--( Isaiah 53:10 , Ephesians 5:10 ). The same in the Old and in the New Testament. We Are Looking For a City That Is To Come (Hebrews 13:11-14) Hebrews 13:15-16 whose faith--even unto death: probably death by martyrdom, as in the case of the instances of faith in Hebrews 11:35 . Obey them that have the rule over you--(Compare Hebrews 13:7 Hebrews 13:24). 23. our brother Timothy--So Paul, 1 Corinthians 4:17 , 2 Corinthians 1:1 , Colossians 1:1 , 1 Thessalonians 3:2 . we trust--Greek, "we are persuaded," in the oldest manuscripts. we trust we have a good conscience--in spite of your former jealousies, and the charges of my Jewish enemies at Jerusalem, which have been the occasion of my imprisonment at Rome. We Are Looking For a City That Is To Come (Hebrews 13:11-14) Hebrews 13:15-16 The Judaizing of the Hebrews was calculated to sow seeds of discord among them, of disobedience to their pastors ( Hebrews 13:17 ), and of alienation towards Paul. What does Hebrews chapter 13 mean? of their conversation--"manner of life": "religious walk" ( Galatians 1:13 , Ephesians 4:22 , 1 Timothy 4:12 , 3:13 ). Compare Paul's address to the elders, Acts 20:28 , 1 Corinthians 4:1-5 , where also he connects ministers' responsibility with the account to be hereafter given (compare 1 Peter 5:4 ). We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. 10. But--But the sacrifice of praise with the lips ( Hebrews 13:15) is not enough; there must be also doing good (beneficence) and communicating (that is, imparting a share of your means, Galatians 6:6) to the needy. Amen." Hebrews Summary. Contrast with this servile worship ours. So Aristarchus was imprisoned with Paul. suffered without the gate" of ceremonial Judaism, of which His crucifixion outside the gate of Jerusalem is a type. Compare Psalms 119:108 , Romans 12:1 . Proud member Being known to be his badge, it is not used by others in his lifetime. 7. There is a reference to Exodus 33:7 , when the tabernacle was moved without the camp, which had become polluted by the people's idolatry of the golden calves; so that "every one who sought the Lord went out unto the tabernacle of the congregation (as Moses called the tabernacle outside the camp), which was without the camp"; a lively type of what the Hebrews should do, namely, come out of the carnal worship of the earthly Jerusalem to worship God in Christ in spirit, and of what we all ought to do, namely, come out from all carnalism, worldly formalism, and mere sensuous worship, and know Jesus in His spiritual power apart from worldliness, seeing that "we have no continuing city" ( Hebrews 13:14 ). Chapter 12 ended with an encouraging reminder about the nature of the new covenant (Hebrews 12:26–29). Those Hebrews who clung to the earthly sanctuary are representatives of all who cling to this earth. Obey them that have the rule over you--(Compare Hebrews 13:7 Hebrews 13:24 ). Parting Words. Punctuate as both the Hebrew and the Greek require, "And (so) I will not fear: what (then) shall man do unto me?". It is a perilous responsibility for a man to have to give account for others' deeds, who is not sufficient for his own [ESTIUS, from AQUINAS]. The Greek here is, "The grace (namely, of our Lord Jesus Christ) be with you all.". This is difficult to speak about today, because many who aren’t married feel put off by an emph… strange--foreign to the truth. Hebrews 1:13 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] Hebrews 1:13, NIV: "To which of the angels did God ever say, 'Sit at my right hand until I make your enemies a footstool for your feet'?" As Jesus suffered without the gate, so spiritually must those who desire to belong to Him, withdraw from the earthly Jerusalem and its sanctuary, as from this world in general. Remember Your Leaders and Imitate Their Faith (Hebrews 13:7) Hebrews 13:8. a. But Hebrews 13:21 , "through Jesus Christ." Christ Our High Priest and Example. the sanctuary--here the Holy of Holies, into which the blood of the sin offering was brought on the day of atonement. CONCLUSION, WITH PIECES OF INTELLIGENCE AND SALUTATIONS. In the beginning, God did a whole bunch of stuff. entertained angels unawares--Abraham and Lot did so ( Genesis 18:2 , 19:1 ). 1. brotherly love--a distinct special manifestation of "charity" or "love" ( 2 Peter 1:7 ). Jesus' Intercession Empowers Our Life and Work (Hebrews 7:1–10:18) Realizing the Faith (Hebrews 10–11) Endure Hardship and Pursue Peace (Hebrews 12:1-16) Shaking Things Up (Hebrews 12:18–29) Hospitality (Hebrews 13:1–3) Money Matters (Hebrews 13:5-6) Working Outside the Camp (Hebrews 13:11-25) Summary & Conclusion to Hebrews "Us," includes both himself and his companions; he passes to himself alone, Hebrews 13:19 . HEBREWS SUMMARY. Concluding prayer. Hebrews 13 "Faith's Purpose" Paul's letter to the Hebrews closes with this very significant chapter. 20. Hebrews Chapter 13 Exhortations. which have not profited--Greek, "in which they who walked were not profited"; namely, in respect to justification, perfect cleansing of the conscience, and sanctification. Considering how they manifested the soundness of their faith by their holy walk, which they maintained even to the end of that walk (their death by martyrdom). I will never leave thee, nor forsake thee--A promise tantamount to this was given to Jacob ( Genesis 28:15 ), to Israel ( Deuteronomy 31:6 Deuteronomy 31:8 ), to Joshua ( Joshua 1:5 ), to Solomon ( 1 Chronicles 28:20 ). It literally means "acknowledgment" or "confession." Paul, though now at large, was still in Italy, whence he sends the salutations of Italian Christians ( Hebrews 13:24 ), waiting for Timothy to join him, so as to start for Jerusalem: we know from 1 Timothy 1:3 , he and Timothy were together at Ephesus after his departing from Italy eastward. Hebrews 11–13-New Testament Teacher Resource Manual. Compare the different classes addressed, "wives," Ephesians 5:22 ; little children, 1 John 2:18 ; "all," 1 Peter 3:8 , 5:5 . See that it continue with you. is set at liberty--from prison. through Jesus Christ--"God doing (working) in you that . considering--Greek, "looking up to," "diligently contemplating all over," as an artist would a model. As the "altar" was mentioned in Hebrews 13:10 , so the "sacrifices" here (compare 1 Peter 2:5 , namely, praise and doing good, Hebrews 13:16 ). Jesus is the Faithful High Priest who is superior to the law of Moses and sits higher than the angels. one to come--( Hebrews 2:5 , Hebrews 11:10 Hebrews 11:14 Hebrews 11:16 , 12:22 , Philippians 3:20 ). Buy The Complete Bible Summary … HEBREWS 13 OUTLINE 1. Compare Ezekiel 34:23 and Jesus' own words, John 10:2 John 10:11 John 10:14 . He contrasts with the Jews, who serve an earthly sanctuary, the Christians to whom the altar in heaven stands open, while it is closed against the Jews. Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. Footnotes for Hebrews 13 40: It is only spoken of in chapter 8:34, and an allusion in chapter 10:6. who--Greek, "the which": such persons as. 24. all--The Scriptures are intended for all, young and old, not merely for ministers. We make daily videos to help you kick start the life-changing habit of Bible reading & study. 21. Not unconscious and forgetful of the duty, they have unconsciously brought on themselves the blessing. to do this--to pray for me. There is a play on the same Greek word, Be not forgetful and unaware; let not the duty of hospitality to strangers escape you; for, by entertaining strangers, it has escaped the entertainers that they were entertaining angels. OFFER A SACRIFICE OF PRAISE TO GOD CONTINUALLY. . [BENGEL]. of through Jesus Christ" ( Philippians 1:11 ). that--Grief in your pastors is unprofitable for you, for it weakens their spiritual power; nay, more, "the groans (so the Greek for 'grief') of other creatures are heard; how much more of pastors!" Judaism and Gnosticism combined were soon about to throw discredit on marriage. In praising a creature, we may easily exceed the truth; but in praising God we have only to go on confessing what He really is to us. the bed undefiled--Translate, as Greek requires "undefiled" to be a predicate, not an epithet, "And let the bed be undefiled." In other Epistles Paul includes the rulers in his exhortations. 22. suffer the word--The Hebrews not being the section of the Church assigned to Paul (but the Gentiles), he uses gentle entreaty, rather than authoritative command. For just as "the bodies of those beasts whose blood is brought into the sanctuary by . It is Good For Our Hearts To Be Strengthened By Grace (Hebrews 13:9-10) Hebrews 13:11-14. The Lord's table represents this altar, the cross; as the bread and wine represent the sacrifice offered on it. The sin offerings are twofold: the outward, whose blood was sprinkled on the outward altar, and of whose bodies the priests might eat; and the inward, the reverse. to do his will, working in you--( Hebrews 10:36 ); rather as Greek, "doing in you." suffer adversity--Greek, "are in evil state." 2 For by it the people of old received their commendation. Paul implies that if Timothy shall not come shortly, he will start on his journey to the Hebrews at once. everlasting--The everlastingness of the covenant necessitated the resurrection. In Hebrews 11 we find what has been called by many the great "Faith Chapter." He would not conclude without mentioning 'the connecting link between the two truths mainly discussed; the one perfect sacrifice and the continual priestly intercession--the depth of His humiliation and the height of His glory--the "altar" of the cross and the ascension to the heavenly Holy of Holies. in all--"in the case of all men": "among all." Hebrews 13:1 "Let brotherly love continue." they--on their part; so the Greek. 2. SUMMARY OF HEBREWS 13: A Life of Love. In giving account, the stewards are liable to blame if aught be lost to the Master. Hebrews 13:7. The earthly Jerusalem proved to be no "abiding city," having been destroyed shortly after this Epistle was written, and with it fell the Jewish civil and religious polity; a type of the whole of our present earthly order of things soon to perish. 5. conversation--"manner of life." doctrines--"teachings." 12. Concluding Exhortations. Personal instructions about love, prisoners, marriage, God's care (Heb 13:1-6). with such--and not mere ritualistic sacrifices. Some think that Paul wrote it but the style and vocabulary are very different from Paul’s other letters. This Epistle was among those written later, when many of the heads of the Jerusalem Church had passed away. He says here "all," for the Hebrews whom he addresses were not all in one place, though the Jerusalem Hebrews are chiefly addressed. 11, 12. Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. It is used in Revelation 22:21 , written subsequently, and in CLEMENT OF ROME. Benedictions. He is always "the same" ( Hebrews 1:12 ). That's the short version, at least. 11 Now faith is the assurance of things hoped for, the conviction of e things not seen. Lord Jesus--the title marking His person and His Lordship over us. But the warning being against lasciviousness, the contrast to "whoremongers and adulterers" in the parallel clause, requires the "in all" in this clause to refer to persons. The love which binds brethren in the church together. Christ's body offered once for all for us, is our true spiritual "meat" to "eat" ( Hebrews 13:10 ), "the stay and the staff of bread" ( Isaiah 3:1 ), the mean of all "grace." In Hebrews Chapter 13, Paul gives a list of moral exhortations regarding the general conduct of a true believer. Hebrews 13:1-25 . with such--and not mere ritualistic sacrifices. The Jesus Christ (the full name being given, to mark with affectionate solemnity both His person and His office) who supported your spiritual rulers through life even unto their end "yesterday" (in times past), being at once "the Author and the Finisher of their faith" ( Hebrews 12:2 ), remains still the same Jesus Christ "to-day," ready to help you also, if like them you walk by "faith" in Him. 9. about--rather, as oldest manuscripts read, "carried aside"; namely, compare Ephesians 4:14 . But here the address is limited to the general body of the Church, in contrast to the rulers to whom they are charged to yield reverent submission. brought again from the dead--Greek, "brought up," &c.: God brought the Shepherd; the Shepherd shall bring the flock. Pray for us--Paul usually requests the Church's intercessions for him in closing his Epistles, just as he begins with assuring them of his having them at heart in his prayers (but in this Epistle not till Hebrews 13:20 Hebrews 13:21 ), Romans 15:30 . Let brotherly love continue. As they do their part, so do you yours. The same Greek word as "good conscience." not with grief--at your disobedience; apprehending also that in the day of account you may be among the lost, instead of being their crown of rejoicing. The book of Hebrews is a General Epistle (Apostolic Letter). 16. continually--not merely at fixed seasons, as those on which the legal sacrifices were offered, but throughout all our lives. He is the same yesterday, before He came into the world, and to-day, in heaven. The Lectures on Faith, compiled under the direction of the Prophet Joseph Smith, declare that faith in Jesus Christ is the first principle of the gospel and the “foundation of all righteousness” (Lectures on Faith [1985], 1). of praise--for salvation. 15. Having spent this entire letter explaining "let us take care that none of you should seem to have failed to reach [salvation]" (Hebrews 4:1) the authors now give specific instructions on how to behave. Whatever good we do, God does in us. 8. It speaks of eternal redemption, eternal inheritance, the eternal Spirit even.. << Hebrews 12 | Hebrews 13 | James 1 >>. This clause, "the blood of the everlasting covenant," is a summary retrospect of the Epistle (compare Hebrews 9:12 ). Commentary on Hebrews 13:22-25 (Read Hebrews 13:22-25 ) So bad are men, and even believers, through the remainders of their corruption, that when the most important, comfortable doctrine is delivered to them for their own good, and that with the most convincing evidence, there is need of earnest entreaty and exhortation that they would bear it, and not fall out with it, neglect it, or reject it. Good conscience produces confidence, where the Holy Spirit rules the conscience ( Romans 9:1 ). For instance, he appealed to the Hebrews to let brotherly love blossom, to honor the sacrament of marriage, to be content with what they have, be welcoming to strangers, and to … 13:1 Closing Admonitions. Page “Blood of the new covenant”: a once-and-for-all never-to-be-repeated Paul's characteristic salutation in every one of his other thirteen Epistles, as he says himself, 1 Corinthians 16:21 1 Corinthians 16:23 , Colossians 4:18 , 2 Thessalonians 3:17 . for--Greek, "in behalf of." Christianity and Judaism are so totally distinct, that "they who serve the (Jewish) tabernacle," have no right to eat our spiritual Gospel meat, namely, the Jewish priests, and those who follow their guidance in serving the ceremonial ordinance. Wherefore Jesus--In order that the Antitype might fulfil the type. It is Good For Our Hearts To Be Strengthened By Grace (Hebrews 13:9-10) Hebrews 13:11-14. 17. Remember--in prayers and acts of kindness. So God will be provoked to avenge on you their "groaning" (Greek). He will neither withdraw His presence ("never leave thee") nor His help ("nor forsake thee") [BENGEL]. Marriage is honorable among all, and the bed undefiled; but fornicators and adulterers God will judge. Others, especially Romanists, translate, "in all things," as in Hebrews 13:18 . It was written mainly to the Hebrew believers. CHRYSOSTOM was deeply struck with these words, as he tells us [On the Priesthood, 6], "The fear of this threat continually agitates my soul." "Obey" your living rulers; nay, more, not only obey in cases where no sacrifice of self is required, and where you are persuaded they are right (so the Greek, for "obey"), but "submit yourselves" as a matter of dutiful yielding, when your judgment and natural will incline you in an opposite direction. his reproach--the reproach which He bare, and which all His people bear with Him. Watch our overview video on the book of Hebrews, which breaks down the literary design of the book and its flow of thought. The two cannot be combined ( Galatians 5:2 ). Hebrews 13. But--But the sacrifice of praise with the lips ( Hebrews 13:15 ) is not enough; there must be also doing good (beneficence) and communicating (that is, imparting a share of your means, Galatians 6:6 ) to the needy. The God of peace by giving unity of true doctrine, will unite them in mutual love. an altar--the cross of Christ, whereon His body was offered. The book of Hebrews was written to Jews who had converted to Christianity and emphasizes the superiority of Grace over the Law. Be not forgetful--implying it was a duty which they all recognized, but which they might forget to act on ( Hebrews 13:3 Hebrews 13:7 Hebrews 13:16 ). 41: The word "everlasting" is specific, in the Epistle to the Hebrews, in contrast with a … Hebrews 13:7. To obviate the natural distrust felt of strangers, Paul says, an unknown guest may be better than he looks: he may be unexpectedly found to be as much a messenger of God for good, as the angels (whose name means messenger) are; nay more, if a Christian, he represents Christ Himself. 25. https://www.insight.org/resources/bible/the-general-epistles Jesus Christ is the Same Yesterday and Today and Forever (Hebrews 13:8) Hebrews 13:9-10. The transition is natural from their earthly pastors ( Hebrews 13:17 ), to the Chief Pastor, as in 1 Peter 5:1-4 . have the rule--rather, "who have had the rule over you": your spiritual leaders. Every chapter of the Bible in 140 characters or less. Stability. fruit of our lips--( Isaiah 57:19 , Hosea 14:2 ). EXHORTATION TO VARIOUS GRACES, ESPECIALLY CONSTANCY IN FAITH, FOLLOWING JESUS AMIDST REPROACHES. Christian Hospitality. Your email address will not be published. 19. the rather--Greek, "I the more abundantly beseech you." Closing Salutations. Hebrews Summary by Jay Smith. 17. In refutation of the Jews' aspersions, he asserts in the same language as here his own conscientiousness before God and man, Acts 23:1-3 , Acts 24:16 Acts 24:20 Acts 24:21 (wherein he virtually implies that his reply to Ananias was not sinful impatience; for, indeed, it was a prophecy which he was inspired at the moment to utter, and which was fulfilled soon after). . There is nothing in the letter to tell us who wrote it nor is there a strong tradition to associate an author with the book. He probably left Timothy there and went to Philippi as he had promised. Footnotes. great--( Hebrews 4:14 ). He closes as he began ( Hebrews 1:1-14 ), with giving glory to Christ. being yourselves also in the body--and so liable to the adversities incident to the natural body, which ought to dispose you the more to sympathize with them, not knowing how soon your own turn of suffering may come. must give account--The strongest stimulus to watchfulness ( Mark 13:34-37 ). The entire letter deals with faith. This verse is not, as some read it, in apposition with "the end of their conversation" ( Hebrews 13:7 ), but forms the transition. Hebrews 13:15 In ancient days some Jewish rabbis believed that the time would come when all sacrifices would cease and instead there would be praises. Remember Your Leaders and Imitate Their Faith (Hebrews 13:7) Hebrews 13:8. 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Merely the brethren at Rome, but of other places in Italy, written subsequently, to-day... 34:23 and Jesus ' own words, John 10:2 John 10:11 John 10:14 this Epistle about! Read, `` doing in you -- ( Hebrews 13:7 ) Hebrews 13:11-14 ) Hebrews 13:15-16 what does chapter! `` diligently contemplating all over, '' includes both himself and his Lordship over us believe Christ!, ESPECIALLY CONSTANCY in Faith, FOLLOWING Jesus AMIDST REPROACHES `` acknowledgment '' ``!