In addition, the nearby countryside is the home of Creole music, Zydeco music, Jazz, and Delta blues. This is because of all the diversity of cultures such as European, Latin America, and African American. New Orleans - New Orleans - History: The decision to found New Orleans, or Nouvelle-Orléans, was made in Paris in 1717 by John Law’s Company of the West, which had taken control of Louisiana that year. It was the site of the first opera house in the United States. Two years ago, New Orleans turned 300, and the storied city that didn’t take Hurricane Katrina sitting down is not only back but better than ever. Learn about other French influence, here! Jackson Square, with St. Louis Cathedral in the background, New Orleans. Despite the city's French colonial history, French is rarely used in daily life. Bourbon Street is famous for its nightclubs, where music (notably jazz) and risqué floor shows are a specialty. This word is not used as a generalized term for the New Orleans accent, and is generally reserved for the strongest varieties. [citation needed] The pronunciation "NAW-linz" is likewise not generally used nor liked by locals but has been popularized by the tourist trade.[6][7][8]. [12] The homicide rate rose and fell year to year throughout the late 1990s, but the overall trend from 1994 to 1999 was a steady reduction in homicides. The land mass that was to become the city of New Orleans was formed around 2200 BC when the Mississippi River deposited silt creating the delta region. 9 The Music. Despite the city's French colonial history, Frenchis rarely used in daily life. [16], The major newspaper is The Times-Picayune, publishing since 1837. French culture has always influenced New Orleans traditions; the French Catholics brought Mardi Gras, Catholic schools and jazz funerals. If you’re coming to town during Jazz Fest, you’re in luck. The city also has weekly newspapers, trade publications, college journals, and regional magazines of considerable circulation. Other attractions include the Aquarium of the Americas, one of the top aquariums in the country; the Historic Voodoo Museum; the National WWII Museum; and the Contemporary Arts Center. Louisiana French, Spanish and Vietnamese are also heard in the city; Louisiana French speakers from southeast Louisiana entered the city during the 1970s–1980s oil boom, and a sizable Vietnamese community established itself in the city in the last third of the 20th century. New Orleans' most famous celebration is its Carnival Season. A Mardi Gras parade in New Orleans, 2011. More hardships were in store, including an outbreak of yellow fever in 1905--the final epidemic of the disease in the United States--that killed more than 40,000 residents. Tours of the city’s unique aboveground cemeteries are also popular. Significant gardens include Longue Vue House and Gardens and the New Orleans Botanical Garden. Historically, many teams have been formerly located in the city, including the New Orleans Pelicans baseball team (1887–1959), the New Orleans Breakers of the United States Football League, the New Orleans Night of the Arena Football League (1991–1992), and the New Orleans Brass ice hockey team (1997–2003). However, its expressions and pronunciation have influenced various dialects in New Orleans, and it was still in significant use at the start of the 20th century. https://www.icruise.com/blog/timeline-of-new-orleans-history-and-culture.html culture. 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