[123] The local councils are responsible, among others, for regulating traffic and parking, maintaining cleanliness and drainage, managing waste disposal, issuing business licenses, and overseeing public health. The Emden-Ayesha Adventure: German Raiders in the South Seas and Beyond, 1914. [47] Simultaneously, spices were harvested on the island, turning it into a regional centre for spice production. Penang's population is almost equally distributed between the island and the mainland. Centred in George Town, the metropolitan area encompasses the entire State of Penang, southern Kedah and northern Perak. Subsequently, the Straits Settlements was abolished, as the British sought to consolidate the various political entities in British Malaya under a single polity named the Malayan Union. Aside from the three main races, the Malays, Chinese, and Indians, Penang is home to significant Eurasian, Siamese and expatriate communities. [234] The main campus is situated at Gelugor, while an engineering campus has been built in Nibong Tebal. The former, held every December in Teluk Bahang, is a dragon boat race that has attracted several international teams, including those from Singapore, Thailand, Brunei, China, South Korea and Australia. [52] In 1826, Penang, Singapore and Malacca were incorporated into the Straits Settlements, with George Town as the capital. Thus, the mean temperature average on this … [132][135] The bulk of the interstate immigrants came from Perak, Selangor, Kedah, Johor and Kuala Lumpur.[132]. Penang's proximity with the island of Sumatra makes it susceptible to dust particles carried by wind from perennial but transient forest fires, creating a phenomenon known as the Southeast Asian haze. Based on weather reports collected during 2005–2015. [191], Unlike other Malaysian states, Penang does not rely only on air transportation for tourist arrivals. [202][203], Expatriates residing in Penang have also introduced a host of other celebrations. per adult, USD During these months, the weather remains quite pleasant for sightseeing. [93], The Indian Ocean tsunami which struck on Boxing Day of 2004 hit the western and northern coasts of Penang Island, claiming 52 lives (out of 68 in Malaysia).[94]. Aside from the Penang International Airport, Swettenham Pier, conveniently located within the heart of George Town, has emerged as one of the major tourist entry points into the state. [38][88][92] Meanwhile, the efforts to conserve George Town's heritage architecture paid off, when in 2008, the city's historical core was inscribed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. [238], Aside from public hospitals, Penang is home to 15 private hospitals, including Penang Adventist Hospital, Lam Wah Ee Hospital, Mount Miriam Cancer Hospital, Gleneagles Medical Centre, Island Hospital, Loh Guan Lye Specialists Centre and Pantai Hospital. [67][88] Penang's economy slowed down in the early 2000s, while the deteriorating state of affairs in general, including an incoherent urban planning policy, poor traffic management and the dilapidation of George Town's heritage buildings due to the repeal of the Rent Control Act in 2001, led to simmering discontent within Penang's society. [244], Due to its well-preserved colonial-era cityscape, a number of movies have been filmed within George Town, such as Crazy Rich Asians, Anna and the King, Lust, Caution and You Mean the World to Me, the latter of which is the first movie to be filmed entirely in Penang Hokkien. See you in Penang! Rock & roll-themed hotel in Batu Ferringhi, Most Popular Kid Friendly Hotels in Penang, Shangri-La's Rasa Sayang Resort and Spa, Penang, Golden Sands Resort by Shangri-La, Penang, Traditional English Afternoon Tea at the Eastern & Oriental Hotel, Private Penang Hill & High Tea at David Brown's Restaurant, Botanic Gardens & Tropical Spice Garden Tour, 10 Reasons To Stay At Hard Rock Hotel Penang, 5 Best Hotels Below USD100 in Batu Ferringhi. [267][268][193] The pier also serves as a homeport for regional-based cruise ships. Here are 16 must-see destinations", "Penang one of 2016's 'best budget travel destinations, "10 Amazing Asian Vacations That Won't Cost a Fortune", "Lonely Planet Best in Travel 2016: countries, cities, regions revealed", "Penang Port allocates RM186mil capex for two years", "Grand Songkran festival celebration in Penang", "St Patrick's Day celebrated with merriment over four days", "Penang Hot Air Balloon Fiesta 2017 memberangsangkan, jumpa lagi tahun depan! [citation needed], Whilst Penang has historically been regarded as a predominantly Chinese state, in recent years, the proportion of Bumiputeras within the state, which include ethnic Malays and East Malaysian indigenous races, has reached parity with that of the Chinese. [136] George Town's Chinese populace includes the Peranakan, a hybrid ethnicity whose rich legacies can still be seen to this day in the form of distinctive architectures, costumes and cuisine. The British government allayed the concerns raised by the secessionists by guaranteeing George Town's free port status, as well as reintroducing municipal elections in George Town in 1951. We try to provide free information that is as up-to-date and accurate as possible. and min. [126], A total of 18 countries have either established their consulates or appointed honorary consuls within Penang. [245] Singaporean drama series, The Little Nyonya and The Journey: Tumultuous Times, were also filmed within the city's UNESCO World Heritage Site. Terms of Use The greatest amount of … ", "A Silicon Valley of the East: Penang's thriving start-up community", "Styling itself as the 'Silicon Valley of the East, "Southeast Asian tech hubs race to become the next Silicon Valley - Nikkei Asian Review", "Malaysia Millennium Development Goals Report 2015", "Penang, pearl of the Orient, in conservation struggle", "Penang before Francis Light (as the English saw it in 1905)", "Prehistoric human skeleton found at Penang neolithic site", "Penang to seek Unesco heritage status for Guar Kepah neolithic site", "Plan Of Prince Of Wales Island And Province Wellesley", "Map of Prince of Wales Island, or Pulo Penang and Province …", "Map Of Prince Of Wales Island And Province Wellesley, …", "Fort Cornwallis 228th Anniversary Celebration", "Disparate Identities: Penang from a Historical Perspective, 1780–1941", "Unconstitutional to wipe Penang off Malaysia's map, Kedah told", "Networks of Malay Merchants and the Rise of Penang as a Regional Trading Centre", "A history of local elections in Penang Part I: Democracy Comes Early", "Singapore becomes admin centre of the Straits Settlements - Singapore History", "Transformation of Bayan Lepas into free trade area does not diminish its attractions", "Take a walk around old Butterworth to discover the town's heritage", "The history of Bukit Mertajam Part I – From agrarian village to economic hub", "Formation of the Straits Settlements - Singapore History", "Between History and Heritage: Post-Colonialism, Globalisation, and the Remaking of Malacca, Penang and Singapore", "Correspondent's Choice; on Penang Island, a Legend Lives", "Battle of Penang: When Malay fishermen rescued Russian sailors", "Penang Evacuated - British Garrison Withdrawn NEW JAP THRUSTS IN MALAYA London, December 19 - Northern Times (Carnarvon, WA : 1905–1952) - 20 Dec 1941", "Old Penang: The Sook Ching massacres of World War II - anilnetto.com", "THE ALLIED REOCCUPATION OF THE ANDAMAN ISLANDS, 1945", "uboat.net - U-boat Operations- The Monsun U-boats - 3. The pier now accommodates cruise ships, making it one of the major entry points into Penang. [215] In recent years, the street art scene has also begun to grow out of the city, in areas such as Balik Pulau and Butterworth. The nation's first newspaper was founded in the city – the Prince of Wales Island Gazette in 1806. However, the committee's attempt to avert Penang's merger with Malaya ultimately petered out due to British disapproval.[11][83][84]. [145][146] Meanwhile, Penang's Chinese population uses a variety of Chinese dialects, including Hakka and Cantonese. We calculate sunshine hours per day using our past forecast data. [232] These schools offer primary and secondary education up to A Levels and International Baccalaureate. Apr: 51.14: Chance of … On average, October is the … [247][248] Although the tram lines have since been disused, another colonial legacy, the trishaw, still plies the city's streets, albeit catering primarily for tourists. Penang Climate Action Week Agenda . STATISTICS The Environment in Numbers. [101][102] Upon the expected completion of Gurney Wharf by August 2021,[103] the 24.28-hectare seafront park will comprise four distinct recreational areas - a beach, a coastal grove, a water garden, and a seaside retail food and beverages (F&B) area. [276], Among the national and international sporting events that were hosted within Penang include the 2000 Sukma Games, the 2001 Southeast Asian Games and the 2013 Women's World Open Squash Championship. Visitors to Penang can expect sunshine throughout most of the days, but with rainfalls in the evenings during periods of monsoon winds. In the 1770s, Francis Light was instructed by the British East India Company to form trade relations in the Malay Peninsula. 8 The idea of the absorption of Penang into the vast Malay heartland initially proved unpopular amongst Penangites. per adult, Duration 4h [283] Penang is also the first Malaysian state to provide its citizens with free internet connection. [209] A yearly Chingay parade is held in the city every December, though Chingay performances are also a common feature of Chinese festivities and major state celebrations in Penang. [182] Among the major MICE venues within Penang are the SPICE Arena, Straits Quay and Prangin Mall. RCSI & UCD Malaysia Campus is a medical university in George Town, with teaching hospitals in Penang and Perak. The tallest skyscrapers in George Town, and by extension, Penang, include the Komtar Tower, Setia V, Gurney Paragon and Arte S.[citation needed], George Town, popularly regarded as the food capital of Malaysia, is renowned for its good and varied cuisine which incorporates Malay, Chinese, Indian, Peranakan, Thai and European influences. [104] An additional reclamation project at Bayan Baru themed “Linear Waterfront" would extend the electronics-dominated Free Industrial Zone and would include improving and adding fishermen’s wharves set up as well also have hotels, restaurants, medical and other developments. The unicameral 40-seat Penang State Legislative Assembly, whose members are called State Assemblymen, convenes at the neoclassical Penang State Assembly Building in George Town. George Town was, since colonial times, a free port - until its sudden revocation by the Malaysian federal government in 1969. [243], The Penang state government also publishes its own multi-lingual newspaper, Buletin Mutiara, which is distributed for free every fortnight. The 13.5 km (8.4 mi) Penang Bridge, completed in 1985, spans the Penang Strait between Gelugor on the island and Perai on the mainland. On average, 16 days of the month will receive rainfall. Date Sunrise times Sunset times; … [285], Francis, Ric & Ganley, Colin: Penang trams, trolleybuses & railways: municipal transport history, 1880s–1963. [171], Aside from electronics and engineering manufacturing, Penang is Malaysia's main jewellery finishing hub, contributing 85% of the nation's gold and jewellery exports as of 2016[update]. deutsch español. [24] Emanuel Godinho de Eredia, a 16th-century Portuguese historian, also referred to the island as Pulo Pinaom in the Description of Malacca. About us. In December and March, rainfall is already around 150/160 mm (6/6.3 in) per month, and it's even higher from June to August, when it's around 200 mm (8 in) per month. Penang has a tropical climate. Throughout the month you can expect to see rain or drizzle falling on 20 days of the month. [170] In recent years, Batu Kawan has also been rapidly industrialised, with a number of international firms, such as Boston Scientific and Bose Corporation, setting up manufacturing plants in the town. [136] Meanwhile, more than 10% of the state's Chinese populace adhere to Taoism and other Chinese folk religions. There are currently two local governments in Penang. [229] Aside from these institutions, RECSAM, a research and training facility aimed at the enhancement of the science and mathematics education in Southeast Asia, is sited within Penang as well. [108] Two of the major parks within George Town - the Penang Botanical Gardens and the City Park - are situated near the hills. This is the best time to go to … As of 2017[update], Swettenham Pier recorded 1.35 million tourist arrivals, thereby surpassing Port Klang as the busiest cruise shipping terminal in Malaysia; the pier has also attracted some of the world's largest cruise liners, such as the RMS Queen Mary 2. The best month to swim in the sea is in March when the average sea temperature is 30°C (86°F). Penang was placed under a military administration until 1946. Among the routes are free-of-charge transit services such as the Central Area Transit, the Congestion Alleviation Transport and the Pulau Tikus Loop. While shopping malls now dominate the retail scene, centuries-old shophouses are still operating alongside George Town's flea markets and wet markets, all of which cater more to local products, including spices, nutmegs and tau sar pneah, a famous Penang delicacy. [127] The State of Penang has also ratified a sister state agreement with Japan's Kanagawa Prefecture and a friendship state agreement with China's Hainan Province. Precipitation is the lowest in January, with an average of 83 mm | 3.3 inch. Humidity never really drops below 75% during the day and 65% during the night, with September and October the most humid months rising to the low 80's%. [188][189][190] Penang is known for its rich heritage and architecture, its vibrant multicultural society, a wide range of modern entertainment and retail choices, natural features such as beaches and hills, and the world-famous Penang cuisine. 12 The lands and district office in each district deals with land administration and revenue; thus it differs from the local governments (city council) which oversee the provision and maintenance of urban infrastructure. The diagram for Penang shows the days per month, during which the wind reaches a certain speed. Free cancellation, USD Chance of humid day 100%. [93], Fort Cornwallis, in George Town, was the first structure built by the British in Penang. Spanning 24 km (15 mi), the Second Penang Bridge is located further south, linking Batu Maung on the island to Batu Kawan on the mainland. [31][30] When Light reneged on his promise of military protection, the Kedah Sultan launched an attempt to recapture the Prince of Wales Island in 1791; the British East India Company subsequently defeated the Kedah forces. [152][153][154] A significant multiracial community of Christians, of both Catholic and Protestant sects, also exist in Penang, consisting of ethnic Chinese, Indians, Eurasians, East Malaysian migrants and expatriates. Date: 16 November … The climate is very much dictated by the surrounding sea and the prevailing wind system. [265], The airport is also a hub for two Malaysian low-cost carriers - AirAsia and Firefly. [179][180], Furthermore, George Town is Malaysia's second most popular centre for meetings, incentives, conferences and exhibitions (MICE), after Kuala Lumpur. As in the rest of Malaysia, Penang has a tropical rainforest climate bordering on a tropical monsoon climate, although the state does experience slightly drier conditions from December to February of the following year. Founded as a private medical school in 1996, RUMC gained university status in 2018 and is the only Irish university branch campus in Malaysia. [19][20], Penang Island was originally known by native seafarers as Pulau Ka-Satu, meaning The First Island, because it was the largest island encountered on the trading sea-route between Lingga and Kedah. However, the population growth also led to social problems, such as inadequate sanitation and public health facilities, as well as rampant crime, with the latter culminating in the Penang Riots of 1867. [73][74], Penang Island was subsequently renamed Tojo-to, after Japanese Prime Minister Hideki Tojo. All rights reserved. [269][270][271], The cross-strait Rapid Ferry service connects George Town and Butterworth, and was formerly the only transportation link between Penang Island and the mainland until the completion of the Penang Bridge in 1985. Hide explanation. The historical core of George Town has been inscribed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site due to its unique architectural and cultural townscape without parallel anywhere in East and Southeast Asia. [96] Meanwhile, the topography of Seberang Perai is mostly flat, save for a few hills such as Bukit Mertajam.[97]. However, being an island, its temperature is often higher than the mainland, with temperatures reaching as high as 35°C during the day. Construction is expected to start in June 2020. [citation needed], Since the 1990s, Northam Road, along with Gurney Drive, has also emerged as the George Town's second Central Business District. In addition, Penang contains a total of three golf courses, one of which is on Penang Island. [71][72] 147 French and Russian sailors perished during the battle. [41][42], Unbeknownst to Sultan Abdullah, Light had been acting without the authority or the consent of his superiors in India. The current Chief Minister of Penang is Chow Kon Yeow of the Democratic Action Party (DAP), who assumed office after the 2018 State Election. It ranges from 183°F to 186°F. The present Governor of Penang, Abdul Rahman Abbas, assumed office in 2001. In addition, about 34.9 km (21.7 mi) of the Malayan Railway's West Coast Line also lies within Seberang Perai, with the Butterworth railway station serving as the main railway station within northern Malaysia. Penang practises the Westminster system whereby members of the Penang State Executive Council are appointed from amongst the elected State Assemblymen. The central hills of Penang Island, including Penang Hill, serve as the green lung for the urbanised island. In 1832, Singapore replaced George Town as the capital of the Straits Settlements. Penang broke its rainfall record TWICE in less than 2 months this year. [121] Even so, other religions are allowed to be practised within the state, contributing to its cosmopolitan society. per traveler, USD [122] Following the 2008 State Election, the Pakatan Rakyat coalition (now Pakatan Harapan), which at the time consisted of the DAP, the People's Justice Party (PKR) and the Malaysian Islamic Party (PAS), formed the Penang state government, with the head of government going to the former for being the single largest party in the state legislature. [200][225][226] According to Time Magazine in 2004, "nowhere else can such great tasting food be so cheap," whilst Robin Barton of the Lonely Planet described George Town as the culinary epicentre of the many cultures that arrived after it was set up as a trading port in 1786, from Malays to Indians, Acehenese to Chinese, Burmese to Thais. Penang is a Malaysian state located on the northwest coast of Peninsular Malaysia, by the Malacca Strait. However, the persistent brain drain, exacerbated by federal government policies that favoured the development of Kuala Lumpur, meant that Penang was no longer at the forefront of the country's economy by the 2000s. Precipitation. [citation needed], Penang is also divided into five administrative districts - two on Penang Island and three in Seberang Perai. [213] Dewan Sri Pinang and Penangpac within Straits Quay are two of the major performing venues in the city. Classifications. Penang also consists of nine other islets off its coasts. [239] These hospitals cater not only to the local population, but also to patients from other states and foreign health tourists. The state enjoys the lowest domestic water tariff in Malaysia, at RM0.32 per 1,000 litres. [56][57] George Town concurrently evolved into Malaya's principal financial hub, as banks and mercantile firms flocked into the city. Please also visit Penang Historical Weather, Weather widget and Weather Charts pages. Like the rest of Malaysia, Penang Island has a tropical rainforest climate under the Köppen climate classification (Af), although it also borders on a tropical monsoon climate. Estimated Hours of Sunshine per Day. Penang International Airport is Malaysia's second busiest in terms of cargo traffic and recorded the third highest passenger traffic of all Malaysian airports as of 2013[update]. [36][33][35] In exchange for the acquisition, the annual payment to the Sultan of Kedah was increased to 10,000 Spanish dollars per annum. EDITORIAL The SXI Spirit: Hard Work as Second Nature. [38][88][89], In response, George Town's non-governmental organisations (NGOs) and the national press galvanised public support and formed strategic partnerships to restore the city to its former glory. In tropical and monsoon climates, the amounts may be underestimated. [172] Jewellery from Penang is exported to over 20 foreign markets, including Singapore, Hong Kong, Japan, Canada and the United States. As of 2018[update], it was ranked 207th in the QS World University Rankings, the fourth highest within the country.[235]. [11], Penang is one of Malaysia's most vital economic powerhouses. [6] Its heterogeneous population is highly diverse in ethnicity, culture, language and religion. Europe America Asia Africa Australia Oceania. Climate in Penang, Malaysia. [15], George Town was once the nucleus of Malaysia's print press. To us non-rain savvy people, that’s equal to one month’s worth of rainwater being dumped on Penang within four hours. ASK AZMI Queue-it-19. The Annual Yearly Climate of Penang, Malaysia with Monthly and Yearly High and Low temperatures, Rainfall & Sunshine Averages. [124], The Malaysian legal system had its roots in 19th-century George Town. [163], Penang is the top destination within Malaysia for foreign investors; the state held the largest share of Malaysia's foreign direct investment (FDI) in 2017, gaining nearly ​2⁄5 of the nation's overall FDI. [244] The Penang-centric newspaper focuses on the current issues within Penang. In addition, the city is a pioneer in Chinese education within the region; following the establishment of Chung Hwa Confucian High School in 1904, several prominent Chinese schools were built, such as Chung Ling High School, Penang Chinese Girls' High School, Heng Ee High School, Jit Sin High School and Phor Tay High School. To this day, the Malaysian federal government still pays Kedah, on behalf of Penang, RM 10,000 annually as a symbolic gesture. According to Köppen and Geiger, this climate is classified as Af. Asia Web Direct, the Asia Web Direct logo, Hotels.com and the Hotels.com logo are trademarks or registered trademarks of Hotels.com L.P. All other trademarks are property of their respective owners. West Kimberley rainfall marks best start to wet season in years. Almost 9% of Penang's population consisted of foreigners, reflecting the well-established allure of Penang amongst expatriates. Most of the international banks still retain their offices at Beach Street, which also serves as the city's main Central Business District. [citation needed] The Penang state government has recently drawn up plans to bring in more rail-based transport systems throughout Penang, as part of the Penang Transport Master Plan.[88][120]. ", "The good, bad and ugly of street artist Ernest Zacharevic's murals", "Balik Pulau a canvas for street artist Volchkova", "A Butterworth art scene? [166], Penang's economic growth, particularly since 2008, was described by Bloomberg as Malaysia's "biggest economic success", despite the federal government's focus on other states such as Johor and Sarawak. Penang Weather by Month 2020 What's it Like? 210 All data correspond to the … The Penang Strait is further divided into the North Channel and the South Channel. [210][211] Boria is also indigenous to Penang, featuring singing accompanied by violin, maracas and tabla. [105], In spite of rapid urbanisation, Penang has still managed to safeguard a considerable area of natural environment. The Federal Route 6 is a pan-island trunk road, while the two major ring roads within George Town are the George Town Inner Ring Road and the Penang Middle Ring Road. The latter was opened to the public in 2014 and is currently the longest bridge in Southeast Asia. [30][45] Province Wellesley was then gradually expanded up to its present-day boundaries in 1874. A lot of rain (rainy season) falls in the months: March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November and December. [44], In 1800, Lieutenant-Governor Sir George Leith secured a strip of hinterland across the Penang Strait and named it Province Wellesley (now Seberang Perai). Due to this, Penang experiences high influx of tourists. There are also four Magistrates Courts and two Sessions Courts scattered throughout the state. [40][57] Meanwhile, other towns, including Bayan Lepas on the island, and Butterworth and Bukit Mertajam in Province Wellesley, emerged due to agricultural and logistical developments. [2] In addition, Penang is one of the most urbanised Malaysian states, with an urbanisation level of 90.8% as of 2015[update]. There are also other Indian languages spoken by minority Indians such as Telugu, Malayalam and Punjabi who hailed from diverse ancestries in the Indian subcontinent. Explaination to the graph: Max temperature: Average max daily (24h) temperature per month Minimum temperature: Average minimum daily (24h) temperature per month Average temperature: Average daily (24h) … Chance of humid day 100%. [230][233], Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM) is the premier public university within Penang. While generally free from natural disasters, Penang Island was once hit by the Acheh tsunami in 2004, causing the authorities to implement tsunami warning measures along the beaches. [222][223], Penang is home to a relatively wide variety of architectures, both historical and modern. The city's UNESCO World Heritage Site also covers several important landmarks, including the City Hall, the Penang High Court, St. George's Church, the Eastern & Oriental Hotel and the Central Business District at Beach Street. It serves as the main airport for northern Malaysia, with frequent links to major regional cities such as Kuala Lumpur, Singapore, Bangkok, Jakarta, Ho Chi Minh City, Taipei, Hong Kong, Guangzhou and Doha. [67], In spite of this, the Port of Penang remains the main harbour within northern Malaysia. The situation is deteriorating compared to the previous month since in september there is an average of 9.6in of rainfall over 26 days. [12][13][14] As of 2020, Penang has the highest gross domestic product per capita among all Malaysian states. Youths and Climate Change: “We Didn’t Start the Fire” Also in this issue. With a total land area of just 1,048 km2 (405 sq mi), Penang is the second smallest state in Malaysia by land mass after Perlis. [82] Economic and ethnic concerns led to the formation of the Penang Secessionist Committee in 1948. Mar: 57.84: Chance of cloudy day 100%. As a result, rain chances are high and the region will experience a total of 210mm of precipitation over the course of the month.

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